RBI Withdraws Rs 2000 Denomination Banknotes from Circulation | 2000 Rupee Note Ban

In a significant move, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided to withdraw the Rs 2000 denomination banknotes from circulation while ensuring their continued legal tender status. This decision, aimed at curbing black money and streamlining currency circulation, has stirred reactions from various political leaders and is set to have a profound impact on the economy. In this article, we will delve into the implications of this development, explore the reactions from different parties, and analyze the future prospects of currency management in India.

2000 Denomination Banknotes

Impact on Currency Circulation and Exchange

The RBI has urged individuals to deposit or exchange their Rs 2,000 banknotes at any bank branch. Commencing on May 23, an exchange facility will be available for Rs 2,000 banknotes up to Rs 20,000 at a time. This exchange facility will remain open until September 30, 2023. In addition, the RBI’s Regional Offices (ROs) with Issue Departments will serve as exchange points until the end of September.

The deposit into bank accounts can be carried out without restrictions, following existing instructions and statutory provisions. By withdrawing the Rs 2,000 banknotes, the RBI aims to address the issue of black money prevalent in the economy and ensure a smoother circulation of currency.

Reactions from Political Leaders

The decision to withdraw the Rs 2,000 banknotes has received mixed reactions from political leaders representing various parties. Sushil Kumar Modi, a prominent BJP leader, hailed the move as a “second surgical strike on black money.” He justified the introduction of Rs 2,000 notes during demonetization, citing the need for immediate relief to the public. Modi expressed confidence that the common man would not be significantly impacted by this withdrawal, as their usage of lower denominations is more prevalent.

However, P Chidambaram, a senior Congress leader, criticized the BJP-led government and the RBI for this decision. He stated that demonetization had come full circle, referring to the discontinuation of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 banknotes in 2016. Chidambaram described the Rs 2,000 note as a temporary measure to mask the consequences of demonetization and speculated about the potential re-introduction of the Rs 1,000 note.

Saurabh Bhardwaj, a leader from the Aam Aadmi Party, expressed concerns about the potential volatility in currency circulation caused by such decisions. While uncertain about the pros and cons, he expressed hope that the withdrawal had been based on expert advice. Jairam Ramesh, the Congress general secretary in-charge of communications, also criticized the move, emphasizing the introduction and subsequent withdrawal of the Rs 2,000 notes as indicative of hasty decision-making.

Objective Met: Currency Requirement and Circulation

The introduction of Rs 2000 denomination banknotes in November 2016 aimed to address the immediate currency requirement following the withdrawal of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes. However, with an adequate supply of banknotes in other denominations becoming available, the objective of the Rs 2,000 banknotes has been fulfilled

As of March 2023, approximately 89% of the Rs 2000 denomination banknotes have been issued, reaching their estimated life-span of 4-5 years. The total value of these banknotes in circulation has significantly decreased from its peak of Rs 6.73 lakh crore (37.3% of Notes in Circulation) on March 31, 2018, to Rs 3.62 lakh crore, constituting only 10.8% of the notes in circulation on March 31, 2023. Considering the limited usage of the Rs 2,000 banknotes for transactions and the availability of other denominations, the RBI has deemed their withdrawal necessary.

Future Prospects: Streamlining Currency Management

The decision to withdraw the Rs 2,000 banknotes marks a significant step towards curbing black money and streamlining currency circulation in India. By aligning the available denominations with the currency requirement of the public, the RBI aims to maintain an efficient and effective monetary system. The discontinuation of printing Rs 2,000 banknotes in 2018-19 further supports this objective.

Looking ahead, the focus will be on optimizing the usage of available denominations, addressing the challenges associated with black money, and ensuring the smooth functioning of the economy. As the nation adapts to the withdrawal of the Rs 2,000 banknotes, the RBI will continue to monitor the currency circulation and make necessary adjustments to meet the evolving needs of the public.


The RBI’s decision to withdraw the Rs 2000 denomination banknotes from circulation while retaining their legal tender status reflects a strategic move towards curbing black money and enhancing currency circulation in India. The mixed reactions from political leaders indicate varying perspectives on the efficacy of this decision. However, the objective of fulfilling the currency requirement and maintaining an adequate supply of banknotes in circulation has been achieved, leading to the discontinuation of the Rs 2,000 banknotes. As the nation moves forward, optimizing currency management and addressing the challenges of black money will remain crucial priorities.

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